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Wednesday, 09 December 2020 00:00

What Can Cause a Bunion to Develop?

The most noticeable sign of a bunion is an obvious protrusion on the side of the big toe. It's caused by a misalignment of the metatarsal phalangeal (MTP), and this can be made worse by wearing shoes that don't have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. Genetics can contribute significantly to the formation of a bunion, and larger shoes may need to be purchased to accommodate this protrusion. Some patients find mild relief when a protective pad is worn over the bunion, and this helps to prevent corns from forming on top. There are stretches that can strengthen the toes and ankles, which may help to alleviate the discomfort from a bunion. If you believe you might have a bunion, consult with your podiatrist who can offer you effective treatment options.

If you are suffering from bunions, contact one of our podiatrists of William Street Podiatry. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is formed of swollen tissue or an enlargement of boney growth, usually located at the base joint of the toe that connects to the foot. The swelling occurs due to the bones in the big toe shifting inward, which impacts the other toes of the foot. This causes the area around the base of the big toe to become inflamed and painful.

Why Do Bunions Form?

Genetics – Susceptibility to bunions are often hereditary

Stress on the feet – Poorly fitted and uncomfortable footwear that places stress on feet, such as heels, can worsen existing bunions

How Are Bunions Diagnosed?

Doctors often perform two tests – blood tests and x-rays – when trying to diagnose bunions, especially in the early stages of development. Blood tests help determine if the foot pain is being caused by something else, such as arthritis, while x-rays provide a clear picture of your bone structure to your doctor.

How Are Bunions Treated?

  • Refrain from wearing heels or similar shoes that cause discomfort
  • Select wider shoes that can provide more comfort and reduce pain
  • Anti-inflammatory and pain management drugs
  • Orthotics or foot inserts
  • Surgery

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in William Street in New York, NY, West 45th Street, New York, NY, Forest Hills, NY, and Broadway in New York, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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